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Understanding Cataracts

Most people who reach the age of 80 will have experienced cataracts. This non-contagious eye disease is so prevalent that some consider it to be a natural part of aging. Cataracts occur when the lenses inside the eyes becomes cloudy, causing mild to severe loss of eyesight.

Normally, light passes through the eye’s transparent crystalline lens, and is bent toward a focal point on the retina. The retina is the light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that receives the images we see and passes them on to the brain through the optic nerve. If the lens becomes cloudy, like a fogged up windshield the image that comes through is blurry. With age, metabolic changes of the lens fibers can reduce the lens’ transparency and result in varying degrees of vision loss from cataracts.

The most common kind of cataract is due to age related opacification, but cataracts can be caused by trauma, radiation including UV rays, steroid use, and other eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic eye disease. Occasionally, infants or young children in Oklahoma City can have congenital cataracts.

Surgical Procedure for Cataracts

Cataract operations involve extraction of the fogged-up cataract lens, often utilizing a technique called small incision phacoemulsification. The ophthalmologist will then implant a synthetic lens, called an intraocular lens or IOL, in its place.

Our optometrist in Oklahoma City can evaluate your eyes for cataracts, help you navigate the various treatment options, and recommend a top cataract surgeon should you choose to go that route. The cataract surgical procedure usually takes place in an ambulatory medical facility (not as inpatient in a hospital), and is done under local anesthetics like topical, peribulbar, or retrobulbar nerve blocks. Patients report experiencing little or no discomfort, and over ninety percent of the surgeries conducted successfully restore eyesight. Post operative complications are rare, and recovery is usually quick and uneventful. Cataract surgery has become the standard treatment of choice for cataracts everywhere. Boalding Eye Care will be here for you throughout the process.

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Great place! Great staff! The appointment process was easy with hours to accommodate all schedules! Thank you!

Sasha Driscoll
Oklahoma City, OK

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