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Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve. This damage, if left untreated, can ultimately lead to vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma is one of the most common causes for blindness in the United States. While glaucoma can affect individuals of all ages, it is most common in older adults. Vision that is lost due to glaucoma cannot be reversed. Since the most common form of glaucoma (open angle glaucoma) gives few obvious warning signs in the early stages, regular eye exams from our Oklahoma City eye doctor are the best way to detect this condition. When our eye doctor is able to detect glaucoma early, we can take the necessary steps to slow this condition and protect your vision.
There are several common types of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma (the most common form of the disease), angle-closure glaucoma, and normal-tension glaucoma. In all of these cases, the optic nerve becomes damaged due to a buildup in eye pressure. When our eye doctor tests for glaucoma, we are testing your intraocular pressure. We may also test for damage to the optic nerve and check for areas of vision loss with a visual field test.
Glaucoma symptoms can vary based on the stage and type. The most common open-angle glaucoma symptoms include patchy blind spots in the peripheral vision; tunnel vision is common once open-angle glaucoma reaches an advanced stage. Acute angle-closure glaucoma symptoms include severe headache pain, eye pain, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, halos around lights and eye redness.
Open-angle glaucoma gives few warning signs until permanent damage occurs. Regular eye exams are the best way to detect glaucoma in its early stages. The earlier our eye doctor can detect your condition, the more we can do to prevent total vision loss. If left untreated, glaucoma will eventually cause vision loss and blindness. Even with treatment, approximately 15 percent of people with glaucoma will still be blind within one eye in 20 years.
Our Oklahoma City eye doctor follows the guidelines set forth by the American Academy of Ophthalmology for glaucoma screening. The guidelines calls for screening every four years starting at age 40 if you do not have any glaucoma risk factors. You should be screened every two years if you are considered to be at “high risk” or over the age of 65.
Glaucoma is a chronic condition and you will need treatment for the rest of your life to protect your vision. If you are over the age of 40 and have not been screened for glaucoma, contact our eye doctor to learn more about your testing options. If you exhibit any symptoms of acute-angle closure glaucoma, such as a severe headache accompanies by blurred vision and eye pain, seek immediate medical treatment at either our eye doctor’s office or an emergency room.
For more information on glaucoma testing, contact Boaldin Eye Care at 405-767-2020.
Great place! Great staff! The appointment process was easy with hours to accommodate all schedules! Thank you!